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Fixed and Variable Annuities

Fixed and variable annuities are a popular retirement planning tool for those who want financial stability in their golden years. They can provide guaranteed income you can count on for the rest of your life, even if markets go up and down. With careful planning, they also allow you to accumulate more money over time than simply investing in stocks and bonds alone.

This article will explain the differences between a fixed and variable annuity and discuss how both types of products can help you create financial security in retirement.

Fixed Annuities

A fixed annuity is a financial product that allows you to put money into an account and receive regular payments over time, usually for the duration of your life. This type of annuity is backed by an insurance company, meaning the payments are guaranteed no matter how markets fluctuate. The amount of each payment may not change from year to year, but it can increase over time to account for inflation. The value of your lump-sum investment is determined when you purchase the annuity and will remain constant. Fixed annuities can also provide tax advantages depending on how they are structured.

Variable Annuities

Variable Annuities

Variable annuities offer more flexibility than fixed annuities, with the ability to choose from various investment options. These investments can include stocks, bonds, and mutual funds and may be actively managed by an insurance company or you. With variable annuities, there is no guarantee that you will receive the same amount each month. The payments can fluctuate depending on how your investments perform. 

That said, many variable annuities offer a minimum guaranteed rate of return, so you can have some assurance that your money is safe no matter what happens in the markets. Variable annuity holders may also be able to take out loans against their accounts for major purchases or unexpected expenses.

Benefits of Fixed and Variable Annuities

Investing in an annuity can provide you with a variety of benefits, such as the following:

A Steady Stream of Income 

Investing in an annuity can provide you with the peace of mind that comes from having a reliable and consistent source of income. A fixed or variable annuity allows you to set aside a lump sum that will be converted into regular payments over time, for either as long as you live or for a predetermined time. This helps ensure you have the lump sum payment to cover your essential expenses.

With fixed-indexed annuities, you can be sure that the payments will remain the same each month. With variable annuities, there is potential for growth depending on how your investments perform. In either case, an annuity offers assurance that you will have the income to rely on no matter what happens in the markets or life. Many annuities allow taking out loans against your account for major purchases or unexpected expenses. Immediate and deferred annuities can be an attractive retirement solution as they provide a secure income stream during retirement and help shield some of your money from taxes if structured correctly.

Tax Deferral and Penalty-Free Withdrawals

Another significant benefit of investing in an annuity is that your money grows without being taxed until it is withdrawn. This can boost the funds available for retirement and provide an attractive way to save. Additionally, penalty-free withdrawals are allowed under certain conditions, such as needing funds to pay for medical or long-term care expenses or to cover educational costs for yourself, your spouse, or your children.

Professional Advice and Guidance

When investing in an annuity, it’s important to seek the advice of a qualified financial professional who can help you understand the options available and match them to your needs. An experienced financial advisor will be able to answer any questions you may have and will guide the best strategy for your situation. They can also help ensure you take advantage of an annuity’s features and benefits.

Tailored Solutions

An annuity can be tailored to your needs and goals, allowing you to select the features and options that best suit your retirement plan. This includes such features as premium guarantees, index-linked interest rates, and death benefits. Your financial advisor will help you determine which features would work best for you so you get the most from your annuity.

Flexible Payouts

Annuities provide flexible payouts so you can choose the frequency and amount of your payments. Whether you want to start receiving income immediately or wait for later, there is an annuity option that will work for you. This flexibility makes planning for retirement and managing your cash flow easier.

Factors to Consider When Selecting an Annuity

Factors to consider when selecting an Annuity

With so many options available, selecting the right annuity can be daunting. Here are a few factors to consider when making your choice:

Your Financial Goals and Timeline

When selecting an annuity, it is important to consider your financial goals and timeline. Your retirement plan should include a strategy to meet your desired lifestyle objectives over the long term. Think about when you want to start receiving income from your investment management fees, how often, and how much. In addition, look at potential features such as guaranteed payouts or death benefits that may help you reach your goals. Analyzing these factors and comparing different annuity options can guide you to the right product for your needs.

Your Risk Tolerance

Another important factor to consider when selecting an annuity is your risk tolerance. Many investors prefer fixed annuities because they are low-risk and provide a guaranteed payout amount. On the other hand, variable annuities often provide higher returns on your investment but come with more market risk. It is important to assess your financial goals and determine how much risk you will take to meet them.

Your Budget

As with any investment product, understanding what you can afford is essential for selecting the right annuity. Individuals who choose variable annuities will need to put more money upfront for the fund than those who choose a fixed annuity. Carefully consider your budget and ensure you are comfortable with any associated fees or expenses before purchasing.

Tax Implications

It is important to know the potential tax implications when selecting an annuity. Depending on the type of annuity, you could be subject to different taxation rates. For example, fixed annuities are generally taxed at ordinary income tax rates, whereas variable annuities are typically taxed as capital gains or qualified dividends. Understanding how taxes apply can help ensure that your retirement plan meets your long-term financial goals and maximizes returns on investment.


Many factors must be considered when deciding between a fixed or variable annuity. Understanding your financial goals and selecting deferred annuities that meets them while fitting within your budget is important. By researching and comparing annuities ahead of time, you can make an informed decision and maximize your retirement savings.

Seeking advice from a financial advisor or tax professional is always recommended when selecting an annuity to ensure that it aligns with your long-term financial goals and provides the best possible return on investment. With careful consideration, you can find the right annuity option for your retirement needs.​